IPv6 EIGRP


IPv6 EIGRP and IPV4 EIGRP are very similar in concept except for the following differences:

  • IPv6 is configured on interface basis (like OSPFv3 and RIPng) and networks are advertised based on interface command.
  • When configured on interface, IPv6 EIGRP is initially placed in “shutdown” state.
  • As with OSPFv3, IPv6 EIGRP require a router-id in IPv4 format.
  • Passive interfaces can only be configured in the routing process mode.
  • Need for extra memory resources and supported in IOS 12.4(6)T and later.
R1#sh ver | i Version

Cisco IOS Software, 7200 Software (C7200-ADVIPSERVICESK9-M), Version 12.4(6)T, RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1)

BOOTLDR: 7200 Software (C7200-ADVIPSERVICESK9-M), Version 12.4(6)T, RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1)

6 slot VXR midplane, Version 2.1

R1#

  • No split horizon in IPv6 because it is possible to get multiple prefixes per interface.
  • No concept of classful routing in IPv6 EIGRP consequently no automatic summary.

Figure1 depicts the Lab topology used for IPv6 EIGRP deployment, R1, R2 and R3 are connected to each other through a Frame Relay cloud and R2, R3 and R4 are connected to each other through LAN.

Each router protect its own set of local networks.

This lab covers the following topics related to the deployment of IPv6 EIGRP

  • IPV6 addressing
  • Frame Relay configuration
  • IPv6 routing configuration
  • IPv6 route manipulation 

Figure1 IPv6 EIGRP topology:


I) DEPLOYMENT

  1. IPV6 addressing: 

First unicat IPv6 and link local addresses are configured.

Link local addresses are statically configured to make their manipulation easier.

R1(config)#int s1/0

R1(config-if)#ipv6 address 2001:1:1:210::1/60

R1(config-if)#ipv6 address FE80::210:1 link-local

R1(config-if)#no sh 

 

R2(config-if)#int s1/0

R2(config-if)#ipv6 address 2001:1:1:210::2/60

R2(config-if)#ipv6 address FE80::210:2 link-local

R2(config-if)#no sh

 

R2(config)#int fa 0/0

R2(config-if)#ipv6 address 2001:1:1:410::2/60

R2(config-if)#ipv6 address FE80::410:2 link-local

R2(config-if)#no sh 

 

R3(config-if)#int s1/0

R3(config-if)#ipv6 address 2001:1:1:210::3/60

R3(config-if)#ipv6 address FE80::210:3 link-local

R3(config-if)#no sh

 

R3(config-if)#int fa 0/0

R3(config-if)#ipv6 address 2001:1:1:410::3/60

R3(config-if)#ipv6 address FE80::410:3 link-local

R3(config-if)#no sh

 

R4(config-if)#int fa 0/0

R4(config-if)#ipv6 address 2001:1:1:410::4/60

R4(config-if)#ipv6 address FE80::410:4 link-local

R4(config-if)#no sh

  1. FR Configuration:

For each interface connected to the Frame relay cloud FR encapsulation is set, Inverse ARP disabled and Static mapping is performed using next-hop unicat ipv6 as well as next-hop link local ipv6.

R1(config-if)#int s1/0

R1(config-if)#encapsulation frame-relay

R1(config-if)#frame-relay map ipv6 2001:1:1:210::2 102 broadcast

R1(config-if)#frame-relay map ipv6 FE80::210:2 102

R1(config-if)#frame-relay map ipv6 2001:1:1:210::3 103 broadcast

R1(config-if)#frame-relay map ipv6 FE80::210:3 103

 

R2(config)#int s1/0

R2(config-if)#encapsulation frame-relay

R2(config-if)#frame-relay map ipv6 2001:1:1:210::1 201 broadcast

R2(config-if)#frame-relay map ipv6 FE80::210:1 201

R2(config-if)#frame-relay map ipv6 2001:1:1:210::3 203 broadcast

R2(config-if)#frame-relay map ipv6 FE80::210:3 203

 

R3(config)#int s1/0

R3(config-if)#encapsulation frame-relay

R3(config-if)#frame-relay map ipv6 2001:1:1:210::1 301 broadcast

R3(config-if)#frame-relay map ipv6 FE80::210:1 301

R3(config-if)#frame-relay map ipv6 2001:1:1:210::2 302 broadcast

R3(config-if)#frame-relay map ipv6 FE80::210:2 302

Before continuing further, it is recommended to check connectivity:

Frame Relay cloud:

unicast:

R1#ping ipv6 2001:1:1:210::2

 

Type escape sequence to abort.

Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 2001:1:1:210::2, timeout is 2 seconds:

!!!!!

Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 64/73/88 ms

 

R1#ping ipv6 2001:1:1:210::3

 

Type escape sequence to abort.

Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 2001:1:1:210::3, timeout is 2 seconds:

!!!!!

Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 32/73/88 ms

R1#

Link-local:

R1#ping ipv6 FE80::210:2

Output Interface: Serial1/0

Type escape sequence to abort.

Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to FE80::210:2, timeout is 2 seconds:

Packet sent with a source address of FE80::210:1

!!!!!

Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 36/60/80 ms

R1#

 

R1#ping ipv6 FE80::210:3

Output Interface: Serial1/0

Type escape sequence to abort.

Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to FE80::210:3, timeout is 2 seconds:

Packet sent with a source address of FE80::210:1

!!!!!

Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 44/54/92 ms

R1#

Ethernet :
Unicast:

R2#ping ipv6 2001:1:1:410::3

Type escape sequence to abort.

Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 2001:1:1:410::3, timeout is 2 seconds:

!!!!!

Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 64/79/116 ms

R2#ping ipv6 2001:1:1:410::4

 

Type escape sequence to abort.

Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 2001:1:1:410::4, timeout is 2 seconds:

!!!!!

Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 48/74/96 ms

R2#

 Link-local:

R2#ping ipv6 FE80::410:3

Output Interface: FastEthernet0/0

Type escape sequence to abort.

Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to FE80::410:3, timeout is 2 seconds:

Packet sent with a source address of FE80::410:2

!!!!!

Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 72/76/92 ms

R2#ping ipv6 FE80::410:4

Output Interface: FastEthernet0/0

Type escape sequence to abort.

Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to FE80::410:4, timeout is 2 seconds:

Packet sent with a source address of FE80::410:2

!!!!!

Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 48/71/96 ms

R2#

Routing Configuration:

 Steps:
Now let’s proceed with IPv6 EIGRP:

  • Enable unicast IPV6 routing globally.
  • enable IPV6 on FR interface.
  • enable IPv6 EIGRP per interface-basis.
  • manually set IPv6 EIGRP router-id in IPv4 format.
  • no shutdown EIGRP process.
R1(config)#ipv6 unicast-routing

R1(config)#int s1/0

R1(config-if)#ipv6 enable

R1(config-if)#ipv6 eigrp 10

R1(config-if)#exit

R1(config)#ipv6 router eigrp 10

R1(config-rtr)#router-id 1.1.1.1

R1(config-rtr)#no sh

 Verify the IPv6 EIGRP protocol:

R1(config)#do sh ipv6 protocols

IPv6 Routing Protocol is “connected”

IPv6 Routing Protocol is “static”

IPv6 Routing Protocol is “eigrp 10″

EIGRP metric weight K1=1, K2=0, K3=1, K4=0, K5=0

EIGRP maximum hopcount 100

EIGRP maximum metric variance 1

Interfaces:


Serial1/0

Redistribution:

None

Maximum path: 16

Distance: internal 90 external 170

 

R1(config)#

 Repeat previous steps for R2 and R3 and make sure that IPV6 eigrp PROCESS id match.

R2(config)#ipv6 unicast-routing

R2(config)#int s1/0

R2(config-if)#ipv6 enable

R2(config-if)#ipv6 eigrp 10

R2(config-if)#exit

R2(config)#ipv6 router eigrp 10

R2(config-rtr)#router-id 2.2.2.2

R2(config-rtr)#no sh

 

R2(config-rtr)#int fa 0/0

R2(config-if)#ipv6 enable

R2(config-if)#ipv6 eigrp 10

R2(config-if)#exit

R2(config)#

 

R3(config)#ipv6 unicast-routing

R3(config-if)#int s1/0

R3(config-if)#ipv6 enable

R3(config-if)#ipv6 eigrp 10

R3(config-if)#exit

R3(config)#ipv6 router eigrp 10

R3(config-rtr)#router-id 3.3.3.3

R3(config-rtr)#no sh

 

R3(config-rtr)#int fa 0/0

R3(config-if)#ipv6 enable

R3(config-if)#ipv6 eigrp 10

R3(config-if)#exit

R3(config)#

 

R4(config)#ipv6 unicast-routing

R4(config-rtr)#int fa 0/0

R4(config-if)#ipv6 enable

R4(config-if)#ipv6 eigrp 10

R4(config-if)#exit

R4(config)#

 Let’s check neighbor relationships and IPv6 routing table on R1 for example:

R1(config)#do sh ipv6 eigrp neigh

IPv6-EIGRP neighbors for process 10

H Address Interface Hold Uptime SRTT RTO Q Seq

(sec) (ms) Cnt Num

1 Link-local address: Se1/0 154 00:01:16 32 200 0 5


FE80::210:3

0 Link-local address: Se1/0 163 00:04:56 48 288 0 3


FE80::210:2

R1(config)#sh ipv6 eigrp neighbor

IPv6-EIGRP interfaces for process 10

 

Xmit Queue Mean Pacing Time Multicast Pending

Interface Peers Un/Reliable SRTT Un/Reliable Flow Timer Routes

Se1/0 2 0/0 40 0/15 175 0

R1(config)#

 You can note that as in OSPFv3, IPv6 EIGRP use link-local addresses to establish neighbor relationships with its neighbors.

R1(config)#do sh ipv6 route eigrp

IPv6 Routing Table – 35 entries

Codes: C – Connected, L – Local, S – Static, R – RIP, B – BGP

U – Per-user Static route

I1 – ISIS L1, I2 – ISIS L2, IA – ISIS interarea, IS – ISIS summary

O – OSPF intra, OI – OSPF inter, OE1 – OSPF ext 1, OE2 – OSPF ext 2

ON1 – OSPF NSSA ext 1, ON2 – OSPF NSSA ext 2

D – EIGRP, EX – EIGRP external

D 2001:1:1:410::/60 [90/2172416]


via FE80::210:2, Serial1/0


via FE80::210:3, Serial1/0

R1(config)#

 R1 has learnt the LAN network 2001:1:1:410::/60 from both R2 and R3 and it is perfectly reachable:

R1(config)#do ping ipv6 2001:1:1:410::4

 

Type escape sequence to abort.

Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 2001:1:1:410::4, timeout is 2 seconds:

!!!!!

Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 116/136/164 ms

R1(config)#

R1#traceroute ipv6 2001:1:1:410::4

Type escape sequence to abort.

Tracing the route to 2001:1:1:410::4

 

1 2001:1:1:210::2 80 msec


2001:1:1:210::3 120 msec


2001:1:1:210::2 68 msec

2 2001:1:1:410::4 144 msec 120 msec 144 msec

R1#

 R1 load-balanced ICMP packets between the two paths through R2 and R3.

  1. Route manipulation:

To practice IPv6 route summarization, loopback interfaces are created to simulated local networks for each router (figure1) and ipV6 EIGRP is enabled on each interface.
The result is as follow:

R4:

R4# sh ipv6 route eigrp

IPv6 Routing Table – 22 entries

Codes: C – Connected, L – Local, S – Static, R – RIP, B – BGP

U – Per-user Static route

I1 – ISIS L1, I2 – ISIS L2, IA – ISIS interarea, IS – ISIS summary

O – OSPF intra, OI – OSPF inter, OE1 – OSPF ext 1, OE2 – OSPF ext 2

ON1 – OSPF NSSA ext 1, ON2 – OSPF NSSA ext 2

D – EIGRP, EX – EIGRP external

D 2001:1:1:110::/60 [90/2300416]

via FE80::410:3, FastEthernet0/0

via FE80::410:2, FastEthernet0/0

D 2001:1:1:120::/60 [90/2300416]

via FE80::410:3, FastEthernet0/0

via FE80::410:2, FastEthernet0/0

D 2001:1:1:130::/60 [90/2300416]

via FE80::410:3, FastEthernet0/0

via FE80::410:2, FastEthernet0/0

D 2001:1:1:140::/60 [90/2300416]

via FE80::410:3, FastEthernet0/0

via FE80::410:2, FastEthernet0/0

D 2001:1:1:150::/60 [90/2300416]

via FE80::410:3, FastEthernet0/0

via FE80::410:2, FastEthernet0/0

D 2001:1:1:160::/60 [90/2300416]

via FE80::410:3, FastEthernet0/0

via FE80::410:2, FastEthernet0/0

D 2001:1:1:170::/60 [90/2300416]

via FE80::410:3, FastEthernet0/0

via FE80::410:2, FastEthernet0/0

D 2001:1:1:180::/60 [90/2300416]

via FE80::410:3, FastEthernet0/0

via FE80::410:2, FastEthernet0/0

D 2001:1:1:190::/60 [90/2300416]

via FE80::410:3, FastEthernet0/0

via FE80::410:2, FastEthernet0/0

D 2001:1:1:1A0::/60 [90/2300416]

via FE80::410:3, FastEthernet0/0

via FE80::410:2, FastEthernet0/0

D 2001:1:1:1B0::/60 [90/2300416]

via FE80::410:3, FastEthernet0/0

via FE80::410:2, FastEthernet0/0

D 2001:1:1:1C0::/60 [90/2300416]

via FE80::410:3, FastEthernet0/0

via FE80::410:2, FastEthernet0/0

D 2001:1:1:1D0::/60 [90/2300416]

via FE80::410:3, FastEthernet0/0

via FE80::410:2, FastEthernet0/0

D 2001:1:1:1E0::/60 [90/2300416]

via FE80::410:3, FastEthernet0/0

via FE80::410:2, FastEthernet0/0

D 2001:1:1:1F0::/60 [90/2300416]

via FE80::410:3, FastEthernet0/0

via FE80::410:2, FastEthernet0/0

D 2001:1:1:210::/60 [90/2172416]

via FE80::410:3, FastEthernet0/0

via FE80::410:2, FastEthernet0/0

R4#

 22 entries, only routes to FR network routes and R1 fifteen local networks, you just imagine if we add R2 and R3 local networks, or even worse in a production network with hundreds of site and thousands of routes!

Here is where summarization comes, to lessen the complexity of handling routes individually.

As in IPv4 EIGRP after configuring the summarization command the router drops IPv6 EIGRP relationships to reestablish them again, this renew input events and make neighbors rebuild their topology tables and perform DUAL algorithm local computation again using the new advertisements from the router who reconfigured summarization.

The summarization command is performed on interface-basis, so make sure than it is executed on all EIGRP interfaces through which you want to spread summary route.

R1:

R1(config-if)#int s1/0

R1(config-if)#ipv6 summary-address eigrp 10 2001:1:1:1::/56

*Jun 13 10:36:44.871: %DUAL-5-NBRCHANGE: IPv6-EIGRP(0) 10: Neighbor FE80::210:3 (Serial1/0) is down: summary configured

*Jun 13 10:36:44.927: %DUAL-5-NBRCHANGE: IPv6-EIGRP(0) 10: Neighbor FE80::210:2 (Serial1/0) is down: summary configured

R1(config-if)#

*Jun 13 10:37:01.919: %DUAL-5-NBRCHANGE: IPv6-EIGRP(0) 10: Neighbor FE80::210:3 (Serial1/0) is up: new adjacency

*Jun 13 10:37:02.019: %DUAL-5-NBRCHANGE: IPv6-EIGRP(0) 10: Neighbor FE80::210:2 (Serial1/0) is up: new adjacency

R1(config-if)#

 Now let’s take a look at R4 routing table:

R4# sh ipv6 route eigrp

IPv6 Routing Table – 10 entries

Codes: C – Connected, L – Local, S – Static, R – RIP, B – BGP

U – Per-user Static route

I1 – ISIS L1, I2 – ISIS L2, IA – ISIS interarea, IS – ISIS summary

O – OSPF intra, OI – OSPF inter, OE1 – OSPF ext 1, OE2 – OSPF ext 2

ON1 – OSPF NSSA ext 1, ON2 – OSPF NSSA ext 2

D – EIGRP, EX – EIGRP external

D 2001:1:1:100::/56 [90/2300416]

via FE80::410:2, FastEthernet0/0

via FE80::410:3, FastEthernet0/0

D 2001:1:1:210::/60 [90/2172416]

via FE80::410:2, FastEthernet0/0

via FE80::410:3, FastEthernet0/0

D 2001:1:1:300::/56 [90/156160]

via FE80::410:3, FastEthernet0/0

D 2001:1:1:600::/56 [90/156160]

via FE80::410:2, FastEthernet0/0

R4#

 The routing table is reduced to 10 entries with only summary routes to R1, R2 and R3 local networks.

II) CONCLUSION

As with other IPv6 routing protocols there is practically nothing to do if you grasp the concept of the IPv4 version of the protocol as well as IPV6 addressing.

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About ajnouri
Se vi deziras sekure komuniki eksterbloge, jen mia publika (GPG) ŝlosilo: My public key for secure communication: http://pgp.mit.edu:11371/pks/lookup?op=get&search=0x41CCDE1511DF0EB8

4 Responses to IPv6 EIGRP

  1. MikeP says:

    Wow, kick ass writeup! Great work!

    Mike

  2. Lord Lizarazo says:

    Good afternoon I made your lab and I have some queries ?

    not supposed to realize the direction that the map is the Local Link
    adiccional summarization of the network must be 2001:1:1 :: / 56 instead 2001:1:1:1 :: / 56
    mapping frame-relay should be something like

    example

    R3(config)#int s1/0
    R3(config-if)#encapsulation frame-relay
    R3(config-if)#frame-relay map ipv6 FE80::210:2 302 broadcast
    R3(config-if)#frame-relay map ipv6 FE80::210:1 301 broadcast

    R3(config-if)#frame-relay map ipv6 2001:1:1:210::2 302
    R3(config-if)#frame-relay map ipv6 2001:1:1:210::1 301

    thanks

    • ajnouri says:

      Hi Lord,

      The keyword “broadcast” enable pseudo-broadcasting, duplicating traffic at the layer2, for the given PVC, so it doesn’t matter whether it is configured for the link-local or the global address.

      Sorry for the delayed reply.

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